Please review the reading list. We are particularly fortunate to have among the institute scholars many of the contributors to the core readings. Two edited volumes (Noble 2006; Powers 2005) published by the School for Advanced Research in Santa Fe (The Mesa Verde World and The Peopling of Bandelier) were written for nonprofessional audiences by researchers who have made primary contributions to our understanding of Pueblo prehistory—including Drs. Naranjo and Preucel. Scholars are asked to read The Mesa Verde World (Noble 2006) and Peoples of the Mesa Verde (Crow Canyon Archaeological Center 2011) prior to the institute. The week one readings introduce the archaeological evidence for Pueblo origins, which focuses on population movements and technology (Ortman 2006; Varien et al. 2007; Varien and Wilshusen 2002). These data and interpretations are considered along with traditional Pueblo perspectives on the metaphorical emergence of Pueblo people—often from a previous world, under world, or from a body of water (Naranjo 2006; Sando 1992).
The week two readings focus on the creation of Mesa Verde National Park, the final decades of Pueblo occupation in the Mesa Verde region, the precursors to migration, and the explanations for migration. These readings also present archaeological evidence for the social and environmental context of the final years of occupation of the Mesa Verde region and Pueblo perspectives on the migrations that left the area depopulated by A.D. 1300. Dr. Donna Glowacki’s (2015) research on the role of religion in the 13th-century migrations from the Mesa Verde region, and Dr. Scott Ortman’s (2012) juxtapositions of the archaeological and linguistic evidence with oral histories (Sando 1992) of the migration period are especially compelling. Schwindt and colleagues (2016) present findings from the National Science Foundation-funded Village Ecodynamics Project that suggest how climate change might have driven the development of resource inequality in the Mesa Verde region and culminated in the migrations—a poignant reflection of the global challenges we face today.
The readings selected for the third week consider the formation of historic Pueblo communities (Ware 2014), the initial contact between the Pueblo and Spanish worlds (Sando 1992), the Spanish colonization of New Mexico (Weber 1992), and the Pueblo Revolt (Preucel 2002; Suina 2002). Many of the readings were authored by institute scholars, providing teachers with the opportunity to ask questions about the process of research and interpretation. Winds from the North: Tewa Origins and Historical Anthropology (Ortman (2012) integrates data and interpretations from archaeology, linguistics, physical anthropology and oral history to make a compelling and controversial case for the processes leading to the A.D. 1280s emigration from the Mesa Verde region and the resultant establishment of new Pueblo communities in the northern Rio Grande region of New Mexico.
Please note: The reading materials will be purchased by scholars, made available online, or printed and handed out at Crow Canyon. These details will be provided in the updated reading list.