Explaining the Pueblo in Kansas: Ethnogenesis of Apachean and Puebloan Communities on the High Plains

Nearly 120 years ago, researchers identified a most unusual find for western Kansas: a seven-room masonry pueblo. This discovery led to repeated archaeological excavations of this site (Scott County Pueblo) and other nearby related sites. The available information suggests these localities were occupied by migrants from the Rio Grande Pueblos who lived alongside Indigenous Apache (Ndee) groups for several generations during the early 1600s to late 1700s. In this presentation, Dr. Matthew Hill describes his and Dr. Margaret Beck’s systematic reanalysis of these sites and highlights their findings about occupation history, the residents’ identities, and regional social connections with other groups in and around the Great Plains.